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 Immunotherapy / Controlling Allergies

The best method of controlling allergies is avoidance. Environmental controls for reducing or interrupting exposure are essential. When sufficient relief cannnot be achieved with avoidance techniques and medications, injections containing small doses of the allergens can be administered to reduce your sensitivities. They are effective for pollens, dust, mold spores, fungi and some animal dander. These injections are usually administered weekly for a three to five-year period or until your symptoms have been controlled for two consecutive seasons. After that time your injections will be gradually tapered off. Some patients find it necessary to continue with a maintenance does every two to four weeks for several years.

To reduce your sensitivities, the strength of your dose is gradually made stronger until you reach the maximum symptom-relieving dose. Occasionally, you may have local reaction at the injection site consisting of redness and swelling. It is usually of little importance.

Interruptions in your progress can occur if you have an infection, are under stress or have other medical problems which are not controlled. Excessive exposure to pollens, dust, molds or irritants in your environment (i.e. cigarette smoke, chemicals, metals, paint fumes and perfumes) may cause an increase in your symptoms. It may be necessary to adjust your allergy dose and to take allergy medication.

Immunotherapy is not a cure to allergies and cannot provide 100% protection. You MUST take an active role in adjusting your environment to achieve the desired effect.

Should you at anytime have questions or concerns, please contact our Allergy Department, (410) 742-1643 or office, (410) 742-1567.